The activities carried out under the Research Programme are essential to achieve a better understanding of the factors determining asylum related migration to and within the EU+ (EU Member States, Switzerland, Norway). A key goal of the Research Programme, which is implemented in collaboration with expert bodies in EU institutions and EU+ countries, civil society and the academia, is to develop an empirical model of asylum-related migration to the EU. However, it also focuses on smaller-scale deliverables.
The Research Programme consist of three main areas of work.
I. Obtaining an overview of relevant work
The first part of the Programme aims to establish existing knowledge. It is composed of two activities:
- A literature review on pull/push factors (download report and database);
- A survey of existing models of asylum-related migration, and the methodologies and data available;
II. Engaging in empirical work
The second area of the Programme focuses on empirical work. It is composed of two activities:
- A feasibility study of the survey of asylum seekers;
- Based on the outcome of the feasibility study above, an EASO survey may be planned.
III. Building an empirical model of asylum-related migration
The third area of the Research Programme aims at building an EASO migration model. This is composed of the following activities:
- Building an empirical model of asylum-related migration, identifying the most relevant determining factors and testing its potential in forecasting the migration pressure on the European asylum system;
- Developing a methodology for the monitoring of information sources for early warning.