Push and pull factors database

This downloadable database contains information that addresses the push and pull factors of migration, with particular attention to asylum-related migration. The database was produced as part of a review of the relevant material, including empirical studies and studies developing theoretical frameworks aimed at gaining insight into migration movements.

The database includes different kinds of studies, such as academic research, policy or position papers, briefs, and research reports. The more than 300 resources that form this database were selected based on systematic searches in trusted search engines such as Web of Science and Google Scholar, and supplemented by extensive searches of the IOM library database.

Users of this database can search and retrieve individual studies based on a number of characteristics, including the relevant push and pull factors singled out in each study. Some propose macro-level factors (such as governance systems or labour markets, to shape movement), whereas others identify meso-level (e.g., social networks, community norms, household risk diversification) or micro-level factors (e.g., personal aspirations, individual wage expectations) as key explanatory factors.

Apart from push/pull factors and bibliographic information – such as the author, source (e.g. title of journal or book publisher) and year of publication – additional information is provided on the type of population addressed (e.g., refugees, labour migrants, children) and the sample size. Whenever relevant, each record contains information on the disciplinary or theoretical approach (e.g. neoclassical economics, social network, cumulative causation). This allows for quick identification of the major theoretical stances that have shaped the understanding of the factors that influence migration.

At EASO we are aware that this database is certainly not exhaustive. If you feel that this database should include additional relevant resources (e.g. articles, reports), please email your suggestions to: research@easo.europa.eu or please provide your input filling this form.

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