Understanding how the asylum systems of Member States function can be complex. While there is a large amount of available information on many national systems, easy access to relevant information on the key stages of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) in all EU+ countries that is reliable, comprehensive and up to date is not possible.
Given the complexity of the Member States national asylum solutions, documenting and comparing the differences is also a highly challenging task. For this reason, and within the framework of its regulation, EASO is developing a combined content management system and database – the Information and Documentation System (IDS). This provides a detailed and up-to-date overview of the practical functioning of the CEAS.
The IDS is a searchable library that provides comprehensive overviews of how each key stage of the asylum system is carried out in individual EU+ countries and allows users to compare these practices. The key elements include: the access to procedure, the application for international protection, the Dublin procedures, the determination at first instance, the determination at second instance, the reception and detention, the return, and the content of protection/integration.
An IDS network of nominated Member State representatives has been set up to develop the database. With EASO acting as a central management point for the system, network members are validating and updating their national asylum information on a regular basis. In parallel, EASO coordinates and updates the content and enhances the system’s functionality.
Currently, 19 EU+ countries are part of the IDS network and it is hoped to expand this to include all Member States in the near future.