The first step in the analysis of IPA is to identify a particular part of the country with regard to which the criteria of Article 8 QD would be examined in the individual case.
When identifying the part of the country to be considered for IPA, the case officer should take into account the ethno-religious background of the applicant and the region they originate from. In general:
▪ For individuals of Kurdish ethnicity IPA would be considered in KRI.
▪ For Arab applicants, IPA would be assessed with regard to other parts of Iraq.
▪ In the case of ethno-religious minorities, IPA should primarily be assessed with regard to the region where their communities are concentrated.
Existing ties with the place, such as previous experience and/or availability of a support network could, for example, be taken into account.