This profile includes, in particular, individuals who are or were associated with the US forces and foreign oil companies, such as interpreters, engineers and drivers.
Personnel who worked for the United States between 2003 and 2011 often did so at great risk to themselves and their families. Targeting of this profile, in particular by Shia militias, was prevalent in the period before the US troops were pulled out of Iraq in December 2011, and especially in the most violent period between 2005 and 2008.
There are no recent reports of targeting of individuals for reasons of their connection to Western armed forces, organisations, or companies.
There are no recent reports of acts of targeting of this profile, which would amount to persecution.
Therefore, in general, individuals under this profile are currently not considered to have a well-founded fear of persecution.
Nexus to a reason for persecution
According to available information, if well-founded fear of persecution could be substantiated in exceptional cases, such persecution would be for reasons of (imputed) political opinion.