Country Guidance

On this webpage, you will find the guidance notes and common analysis published by EASO, as well as further information on the aim, scope and development of country guidance in the section 'About Country Guidance'.

Guidance notes and common analysis

Afghanistan

Country Guidance: Afghanistan (June 2019)NEW

The ‘Country Guidance: Afghanistan’ was endorsed during the 32nd EASO Management Board meeting in June 2019. It updates and replaces the pilot country guidance document from June 2018.

While all elements of qualification for international protection are incorporated in this document, as per the pilot version, this update focuses on the sections concerning indiscriminate violence in a situation of an armed conflict (Article 15(c) QD), and internal protection alternative. Some additional changes have been made with reference to the available up-to-date country of origin information, in particular with regard to the profiles of applicants of Hazara ethnicity. Minor changes have also been introduced in parts of the horizontal framework of the common analysis; these changes do not generally impact the assessment of the situation in Afghanistan as per the previous version of the guidance from June 2018.

Iraq

Country Guidance: Iraq (June 2019)NEW

The ‘Country Guidance: Iraq’ was endorsed during the 32nd EASO Management Board meeting in June 2019.

It provides and in-depth analysis of the situation in Iraq, focusing on all key elements of qualification for international protection. It looks into the relevant actors of persecution or serious harm; the potential qualification for refugee status of different profiles of applicants from Iraq; and the applicability of subsidiary protection under Article 15 of the Qualification Directive. Furthermore, it assesses the ability and willingness of the authorities in Iraq, including the Kurdish Region of Iraq, to provide protection in the meaning of the Qualification Directive; and analyses the availability of internal protection alternative within the country. In its final chapter, the guidance highlights some aspects relevant to the potential exclusion of those who may be found not to be ‘deserving’ of international protection.

Nigeria

Country Guidance: Nigeria (February 2019) 

The 'Country Guidance: Nigeria' was endorsed during the 31st EASO Management Board meeting in February 2019.

It provides and in-depth analysis of the situation in Nigeria, focusing on all key elements of qualification for international protection. It looks into the relevant actors of persecution or serious harm; 16 different profiles of applicants, encountered in the caseload, and their potential qualification for refugee status; and the applicability of subsidiary protection under Article 15 of the Qualification Directive. Furthermore, it assesses the ability and willingness of the authorities in Nigeria to provide protection in the meaning of the Qualification Directive; and analyses the availability of internal protection alternative within the country. In its final chapter, the guidance highlights some aspects relevant to the potential exclusion of those who may be found not to be ‘deserving’ of international protection.

The 'Country Guidance: Nigeria' is also available in Italian: [IT]

About Country Guidance

On 21 April 2016, the Council of the European Union agreed on the creation of a network of senior-level national policy officials, with the task to carry out a joint assessment and interpretation of the situation in main countries of origin. EASO was tasked with the coordination of this network (Outcome of the 3461st Council meeting).

Following the Council conclusions, and with the aim of fostering convergence in the application of the criteria for qualification for international protection, EASO coordinates Member States’ efforts to develop common analysis and guidance notes to assist in the examination of applications from main countries of origin. The country guidance is based on common country of origin information. This information is analysed in accordance with EU legislation (Directive 2011/95/EU) and the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and, where appropriate, of the European Court of Human Rights. It also takes into account general EASO guidance on the examination of applications for international protection (EASO practical tools) and takes note of the relevant UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines.

Each country guidance document includes two parts: a guidance note and a common analysis. These guidance notes have been developed by senior-level policy officials from Member States and have been endorsed by the EASO Management Board. While they are not binding on States, decision-makers are invited to take them into account when examining applications for international protection from the countries of origin they refer to.

The common analysis is the basis for the guidance notes. It defines the relevant aspects of the analysis in accordance with legislation, jurisprudence and horizontal guidance; it also provides summaries of country of origin information, based on EASO COI reports; and, building on these two elements, it assesses the situation in the respective country of origin. The guidance note outlines the conclusions of the common analysis in a succinct and practical manner.

The guidance note is to be read in conjunction with the more detailed common analysis.

   Q & A: Country guidance

The information below is organised by main topics which may be of interest to potential users.