Country Guidance

On 21 April 2016, the Council of the European Union agreed on the creation of a  network of senior-level national policy officials, with the task to carry out a joint assessment and interpretation of the situation in main countries of origin. EASO was tasked with the coordination of this network (Outcome of the 3461st Council meeting).

Following the Council conclusions, and with the aim of fostering convergence in the application of the criteria for qualification for international protection, EASO coordinates Member States’ efforts to develop common analysis and guidance notes to assist in the examination of applications from main countries of origin. The country guidance is based on common country of origin information. This information is analysed in accordance with EU legislation (Directive 2011/95/EU) and the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and, where appropriate, of the European Court of Human Rights. It also takes into account general EASO guidance on the examination of applications for international protection (EASO practical tools) and takes note of the relevant UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines.

On this webpage, you will find the guidance notes and common analysis published by EASO, as well as further information on the aim, scope and development of country guidance in the ‘Q&A’ section below.

Guidance notes and common analysis

Country Guidance: Afghanistan (June 2018)

Country Guidance: Nigeria (February 2019) 

Also available in [BG][EL], [IT]


These guidance notes have been developed by senior-level policy officials from Member States and have been endorsed by the EASO Management Board. While they are not binding on States, decision-makers are invited to take them into account when examining applications for international protection from the countries of origin they refer to.

Each document includes two parts: a guidance note and a common analysis.

The common analysis is the basis for the guidance notes. It defines the relevant aspects of the analysis in accordance with legislation, jurisprudence and horizontal guidance; it also provides summaries of country of origin information, based on EASO COI reports; and, building on these two elements, it assesses the situation in the respective country of origin. The guidance note outlines the conclusions of the common analysis in a succinct and practical manner.

The guidance note is to be read in conjunction with the more detailed common analysis.

   Q & A: Country guidance 

The information below is organised by main topics which may be of interest to potential users.