Annual report on the situation of asylum in the EU

The 2016 EASO Annual Report on the Situation of the Asylum in the EU+ aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the situation of asylum in the EU+ (EU Member States plus Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein) by examining requests for international protection to the EU, analysing application and decision data, asylum trends, including key challenges and responses during the year, major institutional and legal developments and providing an overview of the practical functioning of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Input is provided by EU+ countries, UNHCR, civil society, information specialists and field officers.

The report looks at developments throughout the year, such as the EU Relocation Programme, reception capacity in EU+ countries, developments in national asylum systems and EASO’s support via training and operational plans. Significant asylum-related legal judgments handed down across Europe are also outlined. Additionally, key information on asylum trends is provided via EASO’s Early Warning and Preparedness System (EPS) as well as Eurostat data. This provides accurate, timely and complete monitoring of the practical functioning of the CEAS via a swift data collection and rapid analysis. 

According to the main findings and figures presented during the launching event:

  • There was significant increase in asylum applications over the past two years led to a growth in decisions issued at first instance: in 2016, EU+ countries issued close to 1.15 million first-instance decisions, an increase of 84 % compared to 2015.
  • The highest numbers of asylum applicants recorded were citizens of Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Nigeria.
  • The main receiving countries were Germany, Italy, France, Greece and Austria. There were 7 % more applicants awaiting a final decision on their application compared to 2015 which continued to put pressure on the asylum and reception systems of the EU+ countries.
  • The crisis in Syria continued to be a key factor in the number of applications for international protection in the EU+. Syria was the top citizenship of applicants reported with its citizens accounting for 26 % of all applications in the EU+ while more than 65 000 unaccompanied minors (UAMs) applied for international protection in the EU+, 37 % less than the previous year. Afghan nationals lodged 37 % of all UAM applications in the EU+.
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The following visualisation provides an overview of the key indicators on international protection in the EU+ or in the selected reporting country between 2008 and 2016. The size of the different circles in the reporting countries is proportional to the volume of applications lodged during the selected year, while their color reflects the recognition rate at first instance (from red, which indicates lower recognition rates, to blue - higher recognition rates). The shade of EU+ countries indicates the volume of cases pending at the end of the selected year. In addition, clicking on a circle updates the barcharts on the right-hand side  to display specific information regarding the selected EU+ country and country of origin.

Map parameters: reference year:    citizenship:       

Source: Eurostat migr_asyappctza,migr_asypenctzm, migr_asydcfsta and migr_asydcfina as of 11 May 2017.
The figures presented in this visualisation are provisional and may be subject to update or revision from the Member States. Data available on the Eurostat website are rounded to the nearest five. As such, aggregates calculated on the basis of rounded figures may slightly deviate from the actual total. The recognition rate ("RR") is calculated as the share of decisions granting refugee status, subsidiary protection or, where applicable, an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. Please be advised that a ‘0’ may not necessarily indicate a real zero value but could also represent a value of ‘1’ or ‘2’. It is important to note that Eurostat Technical Guidelines have been regularly amended. For more information on these changes which affect data comparability over time please refer to the following reference metadatamigr_asyapp_esms and migr_asydec_esms.

Previous editions of the Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union can be downloaded from the following links:

  • Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2015 [EN]
  • Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2014 [EN]
  • Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2013 [EN]
  • Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2012 [EN]
  • Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2011 [EN]